BAE Systems Inc. is a British Defence,
security and aerospace company
headquartered in Farnborough,
Hampshire, England, that has global
interests, particularly in North America
through its subsidiary BAE Systems
Inc. is the world's secondlargest
Defence contractor and the largest in
Europe. It was formed on 30 November
1999 by the £7.7 billion merger of two
British companies, Marconi Electronic
Systems (MES), the Defence electronics
and naval ship building subsidiary of
the General Electric Company (GEC),
and aircraft, munitions and naval systems manufacturer British Aerospace (BAE).
BAE is the successor to various aircraft and Defence electronics companies,
including The Marconi Company, the first commercial company devoted to the
development and use of radio; A.V. Roe and Company, one of the world's first
aircraft companies; de Havilland, manufacturer of the world's first commercial jet
airliner; British Aircraft Corporation, comanufacturer
of the Concorde supersonic
transport; and Super marine, manufacturer of the Spitfire. It has increasingly
disengaged from its businesses in continental Europe in favour of investing in the
United States. Since its formation it has sold its shares of Airbus, EADS Astrium,
AMS and Atlas Elektronik.
BAE Systems is involved in several major Defence projects, including the F35
Lightning II, the Euro fighter Typhoon and the Queen Elizabeth class aircraft
BAE plays important roles in military aircraft production. The company's
Typhoon, Tornado and Harrier fighterbombers
are all front line aircraft of the
RAF. BAE is a major partner in the F35
Lightning II programme. Its Hawk
advanced jet trainer aircraft has been widely exported. In July 2006, the British
government declassified the HERTI (High Endurance Rapid Technology
Insertion), an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) which can navigate
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autonomously. BAE Systems' interests in commercial aviation are vested in BAE
Systems Regional Aircraft. This unit no longer produces aircraft, however it
continues to lease and support its products, the BAe 146/Avro RJ family, BAe
ATP, Jetstream and BAe 748.
BAE Systems Land Systems manufactures the British Army's Challenger II,
Warrior Tracked Armoured Vehicle, M777 howitzer, Panther Command and
Liaison Vehicle and L85 Assault Rifle. BAE Systems Land and Armaments
manufactures the M2/M3 Bradley fighting vehicle family, the US Navy
Advanced Gun System (AGS), the M113 armoured personnel carrier (APC)
and the M109 Paladin. Major naval projects include the Astuteclass
submarine and, through BVT Surface Fleet, the Type 45 air Defence destroyer
and the Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carrier.
Robert Bosch GmbH
Robert Bosch GmbH is a German
which was started in 1886 by Robert
Bosch in Stuttgart, Germany.
Robert Bosch GmbH is the world's largest
supplier of automobile components and
has business relationships with virtually
every automobile company in the world.
The headquarters of Bosch is in Gerlingen,
near Stuttgart. Franz Fehrenbach became chairman on July 1, 2003. The Bosch
Group comprises more than 275 subsidiary companies.
About 60% of Bosch's worldwide annual sales are produced in automotive
technology. Bosch invented the first practical magneto, an early ignition electrical
source, which sparked most of the earliest internal combustion engines. Bosch
also invented the antilock
braking system (ABS), Bosch became a leader in
such specialized fields as traction control systems (TCS), the Electronic
Stability Programme (ESP), body electronics (such as central locking, doors,
windows and seats), and oxygen sensors, injectors and fuel pumps.
Bosch's subsidiary Bosch Rexroth is a supplier of industrial technology.
Through this division, Bosch supplies technologies for driving, controlling, and
moving machines. These technologies serve Bosch's two core markets–factory
automation and mobile hydraulics.
Bosch caters to the areas of consumer goods and building technology with its
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power tool, thermo technology, and security systems, as well as with its
household appliances business within the BSH Bosch and Siemens Hausgeräte
GmbH joint venture.
In 2001, Bosch bought Detection Systems and Radionics, Inc., gaining a foothold
in the North American security and life safety products manufacturing/supply
business. Combining the product portfolio of the nascent business in Europe,
which includes installation, supply, and call center business, with the dealer
network and product portfolio, allowed Bosch to enter the American market as a
Fiat S.p.A., an acronym for Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino(English: Italian
Automobile Factory of Turin), is an Italian automobile manufacturer, engine
manufacturer, financial and industrial group based in Turin in the Piedmont
region. Fiat was founded in 1899 by a group of investors including Giovanni
Agnelli. Fiat has also manufactured tanks and aircraft. As of 2009, Fiat is the
world's 6th largest carmaker as well as Italy's largest carmaker.
cars are constructed all around the world, with the largest number
produced outside Italy being built in Brazil (best seller). It also has factories in
Argentina and Poland. Fiat has a long history of licensing its products to other
countries regardless of local political or cultural persuasion. Joint venture
operations are found in Italy, France, Turkey, India, Serbia and Russia.
Fiat Group is the largest vehicle manufacturer in Italy, with a range of cars
starting from small Fiat city cars to sports cars made by Ferrari, and vans and
trucks ranging from the Ducato to Iveco commercial trucks. Besides Fiat Group
Automobiles S.p.A, the Fiat Group automotive companies include Ferrari S.p.A.,
Iveco S.p.A. and Maserati S.p.A. The Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A. companies
include: Abarth & C. S.p.A., Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A., Fiat Automobiles
S.p.A., Fiat Professional and Lancia Automobiles S.p.A.. Ferrari S.p.A. is 85%
owned by the Fiat Group, but is run autonomously.
Fiat Group owns CNH Global (which includes Case Construction, Case IH,
Kobelco, New Holland, New Holland Construction, and Steyr); and
Construction. CNH is the second largest agricultural equipment
manufacturer in the world after Deere & Company.
Fiat itself was an important aircraft manufacturer, focused mainly on military
aviation. After World War I, Fiat consolidated several Italian small aircraft
manufacturers, like Pomilio and Ansaldo. Most famous were Fiat biplane fighter
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aircraft of the 1930s, Fiat CR.32 and Fiat CR.42. Other notable designs were
fighters CR.20, G.50, G.55 and a bomber, the Fiat BR.20. In 1950s, the company
designed the G.91 light ground attack plane. In 1969, Fiat Aviazione merged with
Aerfer to create Aeritalia.
An important insurance company, Toro Assicurazioni, allowed Fiat to control a
relevant part of this market (also with minor companies like Lloyd Italico) and to
interact with some associated banks.
Fiat group also owns important editorial brands, like La Stampa (created in
1926 for the famous newspaper), Itedi, and Italiana Edizioni. Some national and
local newspapers are owned or otherwise controlled by the different companies.
Nokia Corporation is a Finnish
corporation that is headquartered in
Keilaniemi, Espoo, a city
neighbouring Finland's capital
Helsinki. Nokia is engaged in the
manufacturing of mobile devices and
in converging Internet and
communications industries. It is the
world's largest manufacturer of
Nokia produces mobile devices for
every major market segment and
protocol, including GSM, CDMA,
offers Internet services that enable
people to experience music, maps,
media, messaging and games.
Nokia's subsidiary Nokia Siemens Networks produces telecommunications network
equipment, solutions and services. The company is also engaged in providing digital
map information through its whollyowned
Nokia was the first proponent of a Top Level Domain (TLD) specifically for the Mobile
Web and, as a result, was instrumental in the launch of the .mobi domain name extension
in September 2006 as an official backer. Since then, Nokia has launched the largest
mobile portal, Nokia.mobi.
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Ovi, announced on August 29, 2007, is the name for Nokia's "umbrella concept"
Internet services. Centered on Ovi.com, it is marketed as a "personal dashboard" where
users can share photos with friends, download music, maps and games directly to their
phones and access thirdparty
services like Yahoo's Flickr photo site.
Nokia offers a free personalised service to its subscribers called My Nokia (located at
my.nokia.com). Nokia Messaging operates as a centralised, hosted service that acts as a
proxy between the Nokia Messaging client and the user's email
server. It does not allow
for a direct connection between the phone and the email
server, and is therefore required
to send email
credentials to Nokia's servers.
Some of the products of Nokia include:
Symbian – An open source operating system for mobile devices.
Gnokii − A suite of programs for communicating with mobile phones.
Maemo − Software and development platform and an operating system.
Nokia Beta Labs − Nokia beta applications.
Nokia PC Suite − A software package.
Nokia Software Updater − Mobile device firmware updater.
Forum Nokia − Developer community and support program.
Nokia head office − Nokia's headquarters.
Nokia, Finland − A Finnish town.
Nokian Tyres − A Finnish manufacturer of tires split from Nokia Corporation in
Nokian Footwear − A Finnish manufacturer of boots split from Nokia Corporation in
Unilever is a multinational
corporation, formed of
British and Dutch parentage
that owns many of the
world's consumer product
brands in foods, beverages
cleaning agents and personal
care products. Unilever
employed 174,000 people
and had worldwide revenue
of €40.5 billion in 2008.
Unilever owns more than
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400 brands as a result of acquisitions; however, the company focuses on what are
called the "billiondollar
brands", 13 brands which each achieve annual sales in
excess of €1 billion. Unilever's top 25 brands account for more than 70% of sales.
The brands fall almost entirely into two categories: Food and Beverages, and
Home and Personal Care.
The Heartbrand logo accompanying various brands of Unilever ice creams.
Unilever is the world's biggest ice cream manufacturer, with an annual turnover
of €5 billion. Except for Popsicle, Klondike, Ocean Spray ice cream, Slim Fast ice
cream, Breyers, Starbucks and Ben & Jerry's, all of its ice cream business is done
under the "Heartbrand" brand umbrella, so called because of its heartshaped
Unilever currently operates eleven ice cream factories in Europe
Food brands include Bertolli, Blue Band, Rama, Heartbrand, Hellmann's, Amora,
Home care market, with brands such as Omo, Surf, Comfort and Cif. Personal
care brands include Axe, Dove, Lux, Lifebouy, Closeup,
Rexona and Sunsilk which are recognised and respected around the world.
Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. (Royal Philips Electronics Inc.), most
commonly known as Philips, is a Dutch electronics company.
Philips is one of the largest electronics companies in the world. In 2007, its sales
were €26.79 billion. The company employs 123,800 people in more than 60
Philips is organized in a number of sectors: Philips Consumer Lifestyle
(formerly Philips Consumer Electronics and Philips Domestic Appliances and
Personal Care), Philips Lighting and Philips Healthcare (formerly Philips
Philips Consumer Electronics is a part of Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.
(usually known as Philips); and is one of the largest electronics companies in the
world. In 2005, its sales were € 30.4 billion (US$38.9 billion) and it employed
161,500 people in more than 60 countries. In 2008, Philips Consumer Electronics
was consolidated with Philips Domestic Appliances and Personal Care to create
Philips Consumer Lifestyles.