Universal Postal Union
The Universal Postal Union is an international organization based at Berne,
Switzerland that coordinates postal policies among member nations.
Prior to the establishment of the UPU, a country had to conclude a separate
postal treaty with each other country that it wished to carry international mail to
or from. Heinrich von Stephan, Royal Prussian and later German Minister for
Posts found the Universal Postal Union.
It was created in 1874, under the name "General Postal Union", as a result of the Treaty of Berne signed
on 9 October 1874. In 1878, the name was changed to "Universal Postal Union".
International Telegraph Union, founded in Paris by 20 European countries in 1865, is the oldest
Telegraph Journal was renamed Telecommunication Journal
and is now published under the name ITU News.
On 24 May 1844, Samuel Morse sent his first public message
over a telegraph line between Washington and Baltimore, and through that simple act, ushered in the