Thursday, May 13, 2010

MAJOR 30 BREAKTHROUGHS IN IT WORLD

Dr Ted Hoff in 1971 put together all the elements of a computer processor on a single chip slightly larger than one square inch. The results of his efforts was the Intel 45004, the world's first commercially available microprocessor


Brooks's law is a principle in software development which says that "adding manpower to a software project that is behind schedule will delay it further".

It was coined by Fred Brooks in his 1975 book 'The Mythical Man-Month.'


Vinod Dham is a venture capitalist who was the leader of the team that developed the Intel Pentium processor. He rose to the position of vicepresident of Intel.


Dham left Intel in 1995, and joined a number of startups including NexGen, which was acquired by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), and then went on to Silicon Spice. Dham is also credited with the development of K6 microprocessor at AMD


Junglee.com, founded by Rakesh Mathur merged with amazon.com in 1998


Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee is an English developer who invented the World Wide Web at the CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) in 1990.

Berners-Lee is also the director of the World Wide Web Consortium (which oversees its continued development), and a senior researcher and holder of the 3Com Founders Chair at the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory

Ted Nelson is an American sociologist and pioneer of information technology who coined the term "hypertext", which most often refers to text on a computer that will lead the user to other, related information on demand, in 1963.

The main thrust of Ted Nelson's work has been to make computers easily accessible to ordinary people. His motto is: "A user interface should be so simple that a beginner in an emergency can understand it within ten seconds."

Former NASSCOM Chairman Kiran Karnik is an alumnus of IIM Ahmedabad and has worked at ISRO and Discovery Communications. He is also known for masterminding the project Computer Literacy and Studies in School (CLASS).

Larry Ellison the co-founder and CEO of Oracle Corporation, a major enterprise software company, got the idea for his company name while working at Ampex Corporation in 1970s. One of his projects was a database for the CIA, which he named "Oracle".


Larry Ellison founded Oracle in 1977 under the name Software Development Laboratories (SDL). In 1979, the company was renamed Relational Software Inc., later renamed Oracle after the flagship product Oracle database.

UNIVAC I was the first commercial computer made in the world and was designed by J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly.


The design work of UNIVAC I was begun by their company, Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation, and was completed after the company had been acquired by Remington Rand. The first UNIVAC was delivered to the United States Census Bureau in 1951


The company which became IBM was founded in 1888 as the Tabulating Machine Company by Herman Hollerith, in New York. It was incorporated as Computing Tabulating Recording Corporation (CTR) in 1911, and was listed on the New York Stock Exchange in 1916. IBM adopted its current name in 1924, when it became a Fortune 500 company.

Apple Inc.'s Lisa, introduced in 1983, was the first commercial personal computer to employ a graphical user interface (GUI). Lisa was also the first personal computer to have the mouse as a standard
component

HEC-2M, imported from the UK, was the first digital computer installed in India at the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Calcutta in 1955.

The first computer built entirely by Indians, was installed at Jadavpur University (JU) in Calcutta in 1966. The computer was the product of a joint venture between the scientists working at ISI and JU and was nicknamed 'ISIJU'.

SWIFT, which stands for Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication, supplies secure messaging services and interface software to wholesale financial entities

The modern definition of artificial intelligence (or AI) is "the study and design of intelligent agents" where an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions which maximizes its chances of success. John McCarthy, who coined the term in 1956, defines it as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines."

Raymond Samuel Tomlinson implemented an email system in 1971. It was the first system able to send mail between users on different hosts connected to the ARPAnet (previously, mail could only be sent to others who used the same computer). To achieve this, he used @ sign to separate the user from their

machine, which has been used in email addresses ever since.

Microsoft issues a 'Certificate of Authenticity' to guard against counterfeit software. It has a watermark with the image of a woman Ada Lovelace who is mainly known for having written a description of Charles Babbage's early mechanical general-purpose computer, the analytical engine.


Over one hundred years after her death, in 1953, Ada Lovelace's notes on Babbage's Analytical Engine were republished after being forgotten

.

Babbage's Analytical Engine has now been recognized as an early model for a computer and Ada Lovelace's notes as a description of a computer and software.


Ada–a programming language created by the U.S. Defense Department, was named after Lovelace.

The word 'cyberspace' (from cybernetics and space) was coined by science fiction author William Gibson in his 1982 story 'Burning Chrome' and popularized by his 1984 novel 'Neuromancer'

Aldus Manutius (1450–1515), an Italian printer, was the founder of the Aldine Press. The software company that created PageMaker for the Apple Macintosh is named Aldus after him

Bill Gates & the Lakeside Programmers Group


In the fall of 1968, Computer Center Corporation opened for business in Seattle. A

deal was struck between Lakeside Prep School and the Computer Center

Corporation that allowed the school to provide it's students with computer time.


Bill Gates and his friends who studied at Lakeside immediately began exploring the contents of this new machine. It was not long before the young hackers started

causing problems. They caused the system to crash several times and broke the computers security system. They even altered the files that recorded the amount of computer time they were using. They were caught and the Computer Center Corporation banned them from the system for several weeks.


Bill Gates, Paul Allen and, two other hackers from Lakeside formed the Lakeside Programmers Group in late 1968. They were determined to find a way to apply their computer skills in the real world. The first opportunity to do this was a direct result of their mischievous activity with the school's computer time. The

Computer Center Corporation's business was beginning to suffer due to the systems weak security and the frequency that it crashed. Impressed with Gates and his friends' previous assaults on their computer, the Computer Center Corporation decided to hire the students to find bugs and expose weaknesses in the computer system.


In return for the Lakeside Programming Group's help, the Computer Center Corporation would give them unlimited computer time. The boys could not refuse. Gates is quoted as saying "It was when we got free time at C-cubed (Computer Center Corporation) that we really got into computers." Although the group was hired

just to find bugs, they also read any computer related material that the day shift had left behind. The young hackers would even pick employees for new information. It was here that Gates and Allen really began to develop the talents that would lead to the formation of Microsoft seven years later.

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