2 dead as Punjab burns over Vienna killing, army called
Two persons have been killed and many others
injured as violence over the killing of a Sikh
leader in Vienna spreads across Punjab and parts
One person was killed and four others were
injured as Army jawans opened fire in Lambra
village, 30 kms from Jalandhar. Another person
was killed after the police opened fire on
protesters at Jalandhar Cantonment railway
A mob set three bogies of the KanyakumariJammu
Tavi Express on fire as the train was passing through Phagwara in Punjab. Some
vehicles, too, have been torched and roads blocked by protestors in Phagwara. Curfew has
been imposed in Phagwara, Jalandhar, Ludhiana and Hoshiarpur following the violence in the
area. Paramilitary forces have been sent to Phagwara to control violence.
Protestors also blocked traffic near Ambala and traffic on National Highway. All protests till
now have been confined to the Doaba region of the Punjab where Dera Sachh Khand whose
leader Sant Ram Nand was killed on Sunday night in a clash with a rival sect in Vienna,
Austria. In Patiala, a large group of people took to the streets chanting slogans. Chandigarh is
also on high alert with important roads leading to the city have been blocked. The authorities
have already called in six companies of paramilitary forces and eight columns of the Army to
control the situation.
Violence has also spilled out on national highways blocking roads to Nawanshahr,
Hoshiarpur and at other places in the Doaba region. Buses have been damaged in Amritsar
while in Nakodar; thousands came out on streets and pelted stones on the police. DelhiLahore
bus service has been stopped at Ludhiana as a precautionary measure in the wake of
violence in Punjab. The violence started when six people armed with knives and a hand gun
attacked a preacher Sant Niranjan Dass of Dera Sachh Khand inside a gurudwara in Vienna.
A dispute over the sermon is said to have triggered the attack. A sect leader, 56yearold
Ram Nand, was killed and Sant Niranjan Dass along with 30 others were injured in the
attack. Sant Ram Nand underwent emergency surgery but died during Sunday night. The six
attackers have been arrested and are believed to be followers of another sect. The Sikh group
behind these protests belongs to a small religious sect called Dera Sach Khand, which was
founded by Guru Ravi Das in the 14 th century shoemaker who became a spiritual figure. Like
their founder, Ravidassia's are considered outcastes. Rival upper caste sikh groups take
offence to Ravi Das being called a guru.
(3) of (12)
Meanwhile, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said "I am deeply distressed by the outbreak of
violence in Punjab following certain incidents in Vienna. Whatever the provocation, it is
important to maintain peace and harmony among different sections of the people. In areas
where curfew has been imposed, it is necessary that people go back to their homes and allow
the security forces to restore law and order. Meanwhile, External Affairs Minister SM
Krishna said the Union Government is in touch with the local authorities and keeping a close
watch on the situation. "It is unfortunate that a gurudwara has been made the place to attack
and counterattack. It is sad that Sant Ram Nand has lost his life. This is no place for violence
and no excuse whatsoever for violation of a sacred place to serve narrow sectarian interests.
We are in touch with local authorities," said Krishna.
Rs 3,383 crore drinking water project launched
Chief Minister B S Yeddyurappa launched the second
phase of the fourth stage of Cauvery water supply
scheme to bring an additional 500 million litres of
water everyday to Bangalore to meet its water needs
at a cost of Rs 3,383.70 crore.
The scheme, being implemented with funds from
Japan International Cooperation Association (JICA),
is expected to be completed in twoandhalf
Reiterating his commitment to the development of
the city, Yeddyurappa said that the Cauvery water
supply scheme would be completed within the stipulated time. Yeddyurappa also launched
the BWSSB programme of installing water metres in residences of slumdwellers
free of cost.
BWSSB has identified 17,500 residences from 350 slums in the city for the purpose. This
facility will be extended to all slums in the city in a phased manner. BWSSB has also waived
off Rs 5 crore arrears towards interest on pending water bills of slumdwellers
Bangalore area. Over the 12,000 residents in 127 slums in the city will benefit from this.
BWSSB and Excise Minister Katta Subramanya Naidu said that the government was making
efforts to bring 20 TMC of additional water to Bangalore city from various sources. At
present, the city is receiving 18 TMC of water from Cauvery.
Earlier in the day, the CM flagged off 30 new jetting vehicles of BWSSB for clearing
sewerage drains. At present, there are 46 jetting vehicles, Naidu added.
Storm Aila kills 32 across Bengal
As the city prayed for rain, a storm silently brewed 750 km from Kolkata, deep inside the
Bay of Bengal. The small patch of white cloud detected over the sea by weather office radars
(4) of (12)
at 11.30 am on May 23 had looked anything but threatening. A lowpressure
area that might
not develop into anything more potent, it seemed. Even if it did, it would perhaps veer
towards Bangladesh like it so often has.
But this time it did not. The tiny white patch on the radar swelled into a mighty cyclone —
the Aila. Unlike Bijli, that gave the city a
a month ago, Aila wreaked havoc in
the city, across suburbs and south Bengal,
leaving 32 dead.
When Aila hit Kolkata on Monday
morning, exactly 48 hours after its
formation, it had picked up enough
moisture, wind speed and firepower to
immobilize a city that had been waiting for
showers but was not ready for a sudden
twister that would plough through it. Seven
persons were killed in the city and 500
trees uprooted, halting traffic at almost
every major thoroughfare. Lampposts
were twisted out of shape and electric lines snapped,
plunging parts of the city into darkness. Educational institutions and business establishments
were forced to shut down.
As the storm raged, the waters of the Ganga swelled and turned choppy. A launch on its way
to Howrah was swept away to the Netaji Subhash dock in Kidderpore. Down south, the
Sunderbans witnessed even more scary scenes. Almost all the major tributaries of the Ganga
flowed above the danger mark with giant waves — some soaring above 20 feet — lashing the
shores, destroying more than 100 embankments and inundating villages.
The city administration and police swung into action and a virtual emergency was declared.
Kolkata was last hit by a cyclone in 1981. Thanks to instruments like the Doppler Weather
Radar, Aila had been predicted before it was born. Warnings were issued but alarm bells
were not rung. It was on Kolkata before the city knew what to expect. Warning signals were
clear as it started raining since early morning. Around 12.30 pm, the wind suddenly picked up
and the rain got severe. As hoardings collapsed and missiles of all shapes flew about, Kolkata
panicked. How long will it last? Will it get worse?
Tata Tele partners Yahoo! India
Tata Teleservices (TTSL) on Monday entered into an agreement with
Yahoo! India for providing online user interface to all Tata Indicom
As part of the partnership, a cobranded
Yahoo! India website would serve as the default
homepage across all Tata Indicom internet access devices, TTSL said in a statement. "This
alliance will allow Yahoo! to reach a wider audience in internet and digital spaces and gain
(5) of (12)
access to a captive user base to create not only a deeper connection with users, but also
deliver a seamless user experience across platforms," TTSL Chief Marketing Officer Lloyd
The partnership would enable Yahoo! India to reach out directly to Tata Indicom internet
subscribers and the users would be able to find relevant information on services.
United India ties up with MyTVS
United India Insurance Company, second largest nonlife
insurer, has entered into a memorandum of
understanding (MoU) with MyTVS, a unit of TVS
Group, to offer value added service to car insurance
Addressing a press conference here on Monday, G.
Srinivasan, Chairman and Managing Director, United
India Insurance, said the company in collaboration
with MyTVS had launched a unique scheme, United
India Assist, for bringing in certain services and benefits as part of its motor insurance policy.
It is 24 x 7 emergency road side assistance with a host of free value added services. The
facility would be available free of cost to its private car package policy customers. Private
cars below 10 years would be covered under this scheme.
All the new and existing policy holders would be able to avail themselves of this facility. R.
Dinesh, Joint Managing Director, TVS & Sons, said in case of emergencies such as vehicle
or accident, the insured could contact 24 x 7 toll free helpline numbers and the
countrywide network of MyTVS would solve the problems.
Mr. Srinivasan said United India Assist would initially be launched in Chennai and extended
to other parts of the country soon, he added.
HCL bags 240 crore BSNL project
HCL Infosystems announced that it has bagged an Rs 240 crore system integration project
from telecom operator Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited
(BSNL). The contract involves the implementation of
over 60,000 Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)
licences, making it the largest rollout in terms of
licenses issued for any single project in the country.
As per the contract, HCL will migrate BSNL's finance, commissioning and operations
functions onto a single ERP system. The project rollout includes setting up the main data
centre at Hyderabad and the disaster recovery data centre at Kolkata.
"This project for BSNL is in line with our focus on the system integration business. We
believe a countrywide ERP solution is critical to capture and map various business processes
and management of work flow in order to provide better decision pathways in organizations
with major footprint across the country," said HCL Infosystems COO JV Ramamurthy.
(6) of (12)
The project contract is for seven years, including configuration, business process reengineering,
hardware, networking, operations & maintenance customization, training to
BSNL employees and program management. In addition to replacing legacy systems, the
project will create standardised platforms and common infrastructure, bringing about lower
cost of integration and maintenance. BSNL has also selected HCL to provide ongoing support
services for the project.
HCL has earlier several implemented projects for BSNL, including National Internet
Backbone (NIB), Implementation of Call Detail Record (CDR) based customer care and
convergent billing systems and the more recent WiMax Rural project, that involves setting up
for providing internet connectivity to rural Community Service Centres
through Wireless Access Network (WAN).
Union reaches agreement with GM
The Canadian Auto Workers Union has
ratified an agreement with General Motors
that will reduce labour costs for the
troubled US carmaker.
agreement was called for
by the Canadian government as a condition
of its joint bailout
of GM. The deal to cut
wages, pensions and benefits was approved
by 86% of the members who voted.
US unions will meet GM on Tuesday to
find out how many more factory jobs the
carmaker plans to cut.
GM has asked for a 3 billion Canadian dollar ($2.7bn; £1.7bn) loan from the Canadian
government and the government of the province of Ontario. As a condition of the loan, the
governments said that GM had to cut its costs so that they were competitive with Toyota
Canada, which is nonunionised.
Union boss Ken Lewenza said his members had little choice
but to accept the deal, which will keep GM's Canadian factories open.
Jet Airways reported net profit of Rs 53 crore in Q4
Jet Airways, India's secondlargest
private carrier by
market share, on Monday surprised the market and
sectoral analysts by posting a profit in the fourth quarter,
thanks to almost halving of fuel costs and an Rs 350crore
Cenvat credit against tax on inputs. The airline
report Rs 53 crore profit for these three months ended
March 2009 compared to the loss of Rs 221 crore in the
(7) of (12)
measures like capacity reduction, leasing out of surplus fleets, and
rationalisation of nonprofitable
routes helped in reducing costs in the March quarter," Jet
CEO Wolfgang Prock Schauer said.
The company saw its fuel expenses dip 45% to Rs 594 crore. However, the airline is still not
out of the clouds. Though prices of ATF have stabilised and helped check costs, the downturn
in the economy and decline in passenger's loads have affected the airline in the early months
of the current calendar, said an analyst with a domestic brokerage firm who wished not to be
Jet's domestic traffic for April was down 38% to 5.52 lakh passengers from 8.39 lakh a year
earlier. Jet Airways in Q4 had a standalone income from operations of Rs 2,263 crore, down
from Rs 2,687 crore a year earlier. Its EBIDTA (earning before interest, depreciation, tax and
amortisation) declined to Rs 63 crore versus Rs 186 crore. It reported a loss before
exceptional items at Rs 77 crore as against Rs 305 crore. The marktomarket
stood at Rs 133 crore for the quarter.
For the full year ending March, the carrier announced a standalone net loss of Rs 402 crore
compared to a net loss of Rs 253 crore in the previous year. It suffered losses mainly on the
account of high fuel and other operating costs and lower load factors resulting into lower
revenues than expected.
San Su Kyi named for Gandhi peace award for 2009
The Mahatma Gandhi Foundation in South Africa has
awarded the 2009 Mahatma Gandhi International Award
for Peace and Justice to the leader of National League for
Democracy (NLD) of Myanmar, Aung San Suu Kyi. Suu
Kyi has been a prisoner in her own country for the last two
decades for her prodemocracy
The chairman of the Foundation Ela Gandhi said that the
organisation had decided to bestow the award to 63year
old Suu Kyi because the Myanmar's opposition leader had
been incarcerated as a "prisoner" for nearly two decades
without being charged with any political crime.
"We believe that she richly deserves the Mahatma Gandhi
International Award for Peace and Justice because she has always promoted nonviolence
order to bring about peace and justice in her country," she said. "We call on the Myanmar
military junta to release Aung San Suu Kyi with immediate effect," Gandhi said.
(8) of (12)
Mexican Revolution (19101920)
This revolution is perhaps one of the most important revolutions that have taken place in
recent history because it was not a revolution led by factions battling for governmental
control, or the bourgeoisie thinkers developing new ideas. Instead, it was a revolution led by
simple men rising up and asserting their fundamental rights, and succeeding. The revolution
was not only essential to the evolution of human rights and democracy and Mexico, but was
also significant as it was one of the first successful third world revolutions. To an extent the
revolution laid the groundwork for allowing democracy to emerge from authoritarianism in
other third world nations.
The Age of Porfirio Diaz (18761910)
In 1876, Porfirio Diaz, a general in the Mexican Army took control of the nation, and
continued to be elected until 1910. In 1908 Porfirio Diaz was interviewed by US journalist
James Creelman. In the interview Diaz stated that he believed Mexico would be ready for
free elections by 1910. When this interview was published it inspired a rich landowner in
northern Mexico to gather supporters around him and attempt to build a political backing of
followers that could defeat Diaz in the 1910 election. The landowner was Francisco I.
Madero. Madero and his supporters slogan was, "effective suffrage and no reelection".
people of Mexico were inspired and by the time 1910 came around Madero had a very good
chance of becoming President of Mexico. Diaz, in an attempt to stay in power, rigged the
election and arrested Madero. Madero was soon released, and immediately fled for San
Antonio Texas. While in Texas he declared himself President of Mexico and wrote a
revolutionary document, "La Plan de San Luis Potosi". This plan called for a violent revolt
on November 20, 1910. The revolt failed but inspired other revolutionary groups to band
Zapata, Pancho Villa, and Pascual Orozco
One of the strongest revolutionary groups to band together began in Mexico's southern
province of Morelos. The young leader of this faction was Emiliano Zapata. Emiliano was the
son of a poor Mestizo peasant who trained and sold horses. Emiliano Zapata attempted to
Porforio Diaz Fransisco I. Madero Vennustiano Carranza Victoriano Huerta
(9) of (12)
break the estate system, which was very similar to the feudal system. When Emiliano realized
he would not be able to accomplish this task he and his brother, Eufemio, organized a
powerful guerrilla force of poor peasants. This force became known as the Zapatistas and
soon grew to contain over 5,000 men. In northern Mexico two more revolutionary forces was
formed. The first was led by Francisco "Pancho" Villa (originally named Doroteo Arango),
who organized Mexico's cowboys into a powerful army. The other army was
led by Pascual Orozco, another peasant who was discontented with the political and
economic situation in Mexico.
The fall of Diaz (1911)
In early 1911 Pascual Orozco and Pancho Villa began raiding garrisons in northern Mexico
while the Zapatistas took control of the town of Cuautla, in Morelos. Once Zapata secured the
town he cut off the road to Mexico City. A week later Diaz realized he was doomed and fled
Mexico for Europe. In his wake he left a provisional President and a large federal army that
was commanded by General Victoriano Huerta. Soon after Diaz left Mexico, Zapata took
Cuernavaca, the capital of Morelos. He then rode to Mexico City where he met Madero, who
the revolutionaries declared President. This victory, however, was only the beginning of the
conflict that would arise in Mexico.
The Rise of Victoriano Huerta
Madero's leadership came to end quickly. The first mistake Madero made during the early
days of his presidency was alienating the revolutionaries or the Constitutionalists as they
would later come to be known. During their first meeting, Zapata, who wanted to disband the
estate, attempted to convince Madero to divide the lands among the nation's farmers. Madero,
always the moderate, attempted to buy Zapata's complacence with a large piece of land and a
ranch of his own. This offer only succeeded in turning Zapata against him. In fact, every
aspect of Madero's agenda was an attempt to please everyone, which translated into complete
inaction. This inaction caused the activist revolutionaries in the North, Villa and Orozco, to
abandon Madero along with Zapata. Madero's troubles didn't end there either. The leader of
the conservative federal army, Huerta, and a small opposing faction led by Porfirio Diaz's
nephew, Felix Diaz, fought for ten days in Mexico City. This is battle known as La Decena
Tragica (The Ten Sad Days). On the ninth day of the conflict, February 8, 1913, Felix Diaz
and Huerta met with US ambassador Henry Lane Wilson. The position of the United States at
this time was that Madero was associated too closely with the "savage revolutionaries".
During the meeting, the three signed a document called "The Pact of the Embassy" which
outlined a plan to stage a coup and install Huerta as the new President of Mexico. A few days
later, Huerta revolted against Madero, who's only defense was the army of ally General
Felipe Angeles. In the process hundreds of civilians were brutally slaughtered, and Madero's
brother, Gustavo, had his one working eye cut out just before being dead. To ensure the
coup's success the US had deployed warships and troops on the coast. Madero, VicePresident,
Pino Suarez, and Angeles were arrested. On the night of February 22, 1913,
Madero and Pino Suarez were shot to death behind the prison while allegedly "trying to
escape". Angeles was later set free.
(10) of (12)
The fall of Huerta
Immediately after Huerta came into power the amount of revolutionary violence skyrocketed.
Huerta was hated because of his drunkenness and tyrannical rule. Three major forces rose up
in the north. These revolutionary forces were led by Pancho Villa, Alvaro Obregon, and
Venustantio Carranza. Upon Madero's death Carranza took control of the remainders of
Madero's army and began fighting. In the south Zapata continued fighting. All through 1913
and early 1914 Huerta and his army suffered defeat after defeat. Finally, in the summer of
1914, all four major revolutionary forces converged on Mexico City. Huerta, realizing he was
defeated, was forced to flee and ended Victoriano Huerta's rule. On August 20, 1914,
Venustantio Carranza, despite the objections of Pancho Villa, declared himself President of
A bloody fight between Carranza and Villa began soon after Carranza declared himself
President. Villas forces pushed south, forcing Carranza to flee to Mexico. Carranza fought
back, inflicting fierce casualties to Villa's army. In turn, Zapata made the boldest move of all.
On November 14, 1914 the Zapatistas took Mexico City. The fighting continued until Villa,
Zapata and Obregon, realizing order would be impossible without peace, set up a council to
solve the problem. Their solution was installing Eulalio Guitierrez as interim president. With
this, Zapata agreed to withdraw from Mexico City. Although peace was momentarily
achieved, the revolutionaries quickly broke up into alliances. Villa and Zapata remained loyal
to each other and backed Guitierrez, while Obregon and Carranza allied supported Carranza's
wish to reclaim the presidency. In April, 1915 the forces of Obregon and Villa converged in a
battle at the town of Celaya. Obregon emerged victorious and Villa lost some of his power.
Infuriated, Villa rode into the town of Columbus, New Mexico where he killed eighteen
people. In a futile attempt to catch Villa, American President Woodrow Wilson sent a force
led by John J. Pershing into the Mexican hills. Pershing never even caught a glimpse of Villa,
however. With Villa's forces badly damaged from their battle with Obregon and running
from Pershing, Carranza reclaimed
the Presidency. Immediately after Carranza assumed the
Presidency a period of disorder and near anarchy ensued, as revolutionaries under Villa
fought Carranza. Violence and bloodshed were frequent. Carranza also dispatched a force and
retook the state of Morelos in December in 1915, an important loss to the Zapatista forces in
the south. During a meeting Obrégon, Zapata, and Villa, attempted to find a solution to the
fighting between Villa and Carranza. They realized that Mexico could not achieve peace if
the feud between Villa and Carranza continued. An interim president Gutiérrez was then
elected and backed by Zapata and Villa. Unfortunately, Obrégon reallied
with Carranza in an
effort to suppress Villa and gain power and in late 1915 both Villa and Zapata suffered
significant losses while fighting with the armies of Obregon and Carranza. In early 1917
Zapata responded by retaking Morelos. In an effort to restore peace and order, a Constitution
was drafted by Carranza in 1917. This Constitution is functionally the same Constitution that
governs modern day Mexico. Unfortunately, the Constitution granted dictatorial authority to
the President. Despite this shortcoming, it was a landmark document in that it enabled the
state to confiscate and redistribute land from the wealthy landowners. Additionally, the
(11) of (12)
Catholic Church's scope of power was drastically reduced, and possibly most importantly, it
guaranteed worker's rights.
The Death of Zapata
As Carranza's power rose, Zapata began needing extra troops more and more. This necessity
was greatly hastened when Carranza defeated Zapata once more, and took back Morelos. In
April of 1919 Zapata appeared to receive a stroke of luck. It seemed one of Carranzas's
generals was interested in defecting and becoming a Zapatista. On April, 10, 1919 Zapata
went to visit the defecting general. Only after he arrived did Zapata realize that the meeting
was an ambush. Zapata was shot and killed moments after he arrived at the supposed
meeting. With Zapata's death Mexico and all the Revolutionary fighting for its freedom
suffered a great tragedy.
The fall of Carranza and the rise of Obregon
Although Carranza had just published a constitution that was fairly beneficial for the
Mexican masses he became hated for murdering Zapata. In 1920 he tried to break up railroad
strike in Sonora. This furthered the people's contempt of Carranza to the point where he lost
nearly all his supporters, including the powerful Obregon. Realizing his political career was
spiraling, Carranza attempted to flee Mexico. He was killed just outside of Mexico City on
May, 21, 1920. A politician by the name of Adolfo de la Huerta was installed as interim
President. Until Elections could be held. When elections finally took place in November,
Alvaro Obragon won by a landslide. Although sporadic violence continued for the most part
peace was achieved. With Alvaro Obregon election as President the Mexican Revolution
came to a close.
Mexico and the Future
Although the Mexican Revolution was an important historical as well as ideological victory
for Mexico, the revolution is far from over. As you read this a group of Zapatista farmers in
the state of Chiapas is fighting for their lands and their survival. The Mexican Army, with aid
from the United States government, is killing their people and taking their land, much like the
government in the 1800 did. The Zapatista's struggle, along with struggles elsewhere in
Africa, Asia, and South America are similar in cause and organization to the Mexican
Revolution. The Mexican Revolution was not only a significant example of simple people's
ability to fight a structure internally for a true change, but it is also an reminder to all people
that all people have the right to be free from oppression of any kind. As Karl Marx would
have said, "the conflict between the people and the government was not only an example of
Dialectical Materialism, but also a structure/agency relationship". Thus the Revolution of
is one of the most influential and prolific revolutions in history.